age and wear out whether they're metal or gut. Preventive medicine
is the prescription. Do a "transplant" before they give out
during a performance.
1. Loosen all four strings gradually. Remove each string from the hole
in the doweling that penetrates the scroll.
2. Retrieve the bridge that supported the strings. Place it in the violin
case for later use.
3. Cut the violin strings from the "tail-piece" keyholes.
Mark these holes to remember which string is mounted where.
4. Tie a small knot at the base end of each string to fit below the string
slot, forming an anchor point when tension is applied.
5. Thread the clean end of each new string through the underside of the
hole slots in the tailpiece. Be sure the string is securely set and will
not slip when tension is increased.
6. Thread the opposite end of each violin string through the holes in
the proper doweling rod so that additional turns will lie on top of the
end of that string and prevent it from slipping. Tension is not to be
7. Set the strings on top of the bridge indentations with the bridge
foot over the tone post.
8. Gradually tighten the strings; tighten them all in rotation, a little
at a time.
9. Use a four-note pitch pipe or a piano to begin the pitch matching
and the tuning process.
10. Be aware that the tuning will gradually "flatten" due
to the normal stretching of new strings. Stretching should be complete
in one week.
Check the condition of the bridge. If damaged or cracked, replace it with a new
Avoid the total mounting or removal of one string at a time. Tension problems
can cause a potential "warp" in the instrument.
Mark the exact point where the bridge was mounted so replacement is exact.
There is a supporting "tone post" underneath the base of this mount point
that transmits the string vibrations to the entire instrument. This tone post
location can be seen by peeking through the "f" holes in the top
of the instrument.
Tips from eHow Users:
String Replacement by Ellie Mae H.
Before re-tightening strings, a soft lead pencil should be applied to all four
grooves at both the nut and the bridge. This acts as a lubricant to prevent early
string breakage and future bridge warping.
One at a time:
You should never remove all four strings from a violin. Always change one string
at a time, checking the bridge placement and angle carefully between each string
change. Also, there is no reason to cut the strings. Violin strings are made
to be easily inserted and removed from the tailpiece.
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